Mankind has been using automotive vehicles for transportation from one place to another. These vehicles use internal combustion (IC) engines to drive it. Due to increased number of vehicles there is environmental pollution caused by IC engines and reduction in fossil fuels. The latest innovations in the Automotive Industry are helping to improve fuel efficiency and reduce emissions. One such technological advancement is Hybrid vehicles which use both IC engines and electric motors to drive the vehicles or a car in simple words, helping to reduce the amount of emissions produced maintaining the performance of the engine. However, in the future, the focus is on clean and green energy producing zero emissions. Design and manufacture of electric vehicles has led to major interest in current industry. Since these vehicles run on battery the main drawbacks are high cost, short distance travel and long charging time. Consumers are constantly looking for a better solution to improve the travel efficiency. Hence wired charging systems were built at every gas station. Wired charging also has some limitations like socket points, spacing occupied by the charging station, limited range of wire, vehicle has to change its orientation to connect to the charger. These can be addressed by wireless charging systems for electric vehicles. This provides flexible and hassle-free charging and also systems can be built at home, parking lot, garage etc. The wireless charging system implemented in automotive industry; many wireless power transfer techniques are used to implement this technology. These methods use coils to transmit power. Coil will produce a short-range magnetic field, when a second coil is placed an electric current will flow through it. The magnetic field has transferred power from one coil to other called Induction. This work uses resonant coupling methods to achieve efficient power transmission. The system is configured at the reasonable air gap based on the ground clearance of electric vehicle.
In this paper the design of a system to create and handle Electric Vehicles (EV) charging procedures, based on intelligent process. Negative impacts from the dominant use of petroleum-based transportation have propelled the globe towards electrified transportation. Due to the electrical power distribution network limitation and absence of smart meter devices, Electric Vehicles charging should be performed in a balanced way and simulation approaches. In order to allow information exchange and to help user mobility, Smart Electric Vehicle Charging System uses Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) technology, in order to connect Electric Vehicles and also renewable energy sources to Smart Grids (SG). This system also explores the new paradigm of Electrical Markets (EM), with deregulation of electricity production and use, in order to obtain the best conditions for commercializing electrical energy. With this thrust, many technological challenges are being encountered and addressed, one of which is the development and availability of charging technologies. To compete with petroleum-based transportation, electric vehicle (EV) battery charging times need to decrease to the 5–10 min range. This paper provides a review of EV charging technologies and the vehicle will be parked at allocation places for EV charging in station it will be automatically charged with the help of vehicle detection sensor.
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