Drainage is the system or process by which water, sewage or other liquids are drained from a place. In order to maintain the proper function of drainage, it should be monitored regularly. It is also difficult to monitor all the area of drainage because of physical limitation of human being. The irregular monitoring results in clogging the drainage that forms the silt which triggers flooding in the neighbourhood. Manual monitoring is also inefficient. It required dedicated team which is only able to maintain the limited record with less accuracy. These weaknesses lead to the slow handling of problems in drainage. It also has collapsed because of too much rain. These problems can be mitigated with the help of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) and it is monitoring technology which consists of low power sensor nodes. Sensor node consists of controller, memory, transceiver and battery to supply the power to the sensor node. Size of the sensor node depends on its application. In military application is microscopic small, its cost depends upon its processing speed, memory and battery.
This project represents the implementation and design functions for monitoring and managing underground drainage with different approaches and also protect the worker. In some cases, the worker will be affected by some issues like gas, abnormal condition, then the worker to be saved by using rope through the motor. The Drainage is the system or process by which water, sewage or other liquids are drained from a place and to maintain the proper function of drainage, its condition should be monitored regularly. But manually it is very difficult to monitor all area where a human cannot reach. To mitigate all these issues here we are developed and implemented the system using sensor network. The proposed system is low cost, less maintenance, long life and web-based real time system, which update the information to LCD Display and update to the server. This system directly impacts on the health issues of citizens and worker who cleans the underground drainage. It also avoids spreading of infection due to mosquitoes and gives clean and healthy environment as well as controls the diseases such as malaria, dengue, diarrhea, etc. The system reduces the accident caused by an exposed manhole. The main aim of this project is to monitor the parameter like Temperature and Gas through the Server. If some issues are occurred in Drainage the worker will be saved and Protected.
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